Solheimajokull glacier is located about 28 km west of Vík and 6 km east of Skógar. From Reykjavík, it is about 160 km and the driving time is about 2 hours. You drive 4,5 km on road 221 to the guiding base from the main road, the Ring Road.
The glacier is approximately 11 km long, and it advances from the Myrdalsjokull glacier down a one to two km wide valley. The glacier falls from a height of 1,300 m down to 100 m, and because of the location and shape of the glacier, it is extremely sensitive to climate change.
The climate is warm and humid in the lowlands, with average temperatures above 5 °C and precipitation of 1,810 mm per year. However, rainfall on the Myrdalsjokull glacier is much higher, or up to 7,000 mm per year, and the average temperature is much lower.
From 1930 to 1969, the glacier retreated in total around 977 m. Then the weather cooled, and the glacier advanced about 495 m until 1995 and thickened by up to 100 m.
After that, the glacier started to retreat again, and in 2010 it was almost one kilometer further up the valley than in 1930 and was 120 to 150 m thinner than in 1960.
If the climate continues to warm, there is a possibility that the glaciers will have virtually disappeared in 100 to 200 years.