This round trip to a nearby mountain takes in breathtaking views of Reykjavik as we fly over the city and land on the table top mountains overlooking the bay area. With the added excitement of a mountain top landing, we will stop on the very summit for the photo opportunity of a lifetime with the unforgettable panoramas of the coastal plain, the cityscape of Reykjavik and distant mountains as a unique backdrop to remember.
Whilst the country has a population of about 320,000 inhabitants, over 200,000 of those live in the Greater Reykjavik Area. It is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in Iceland, which Viking, Ingolfur Arnarson, is said to have established around 870 C.E.
He is said to have decided the location of his settlement using a traditional Viking method; by casting his high seat pillars into the ocean when he saw the coastline, then he settled where those pillars came to shore. Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired the name of Reykjavík, which loosely translates to Smoke Cove (the city is often referred to as Smokey Bay or Bay of Smoke).
Temperatures very rarely drop below −15 °C (5 °F) in the winter. This is because the Icelandic coastal weather in winter is moderated by the warm waters of the Gulf Stream. The climate is subpolar oceanic.
Reykjavík has in the last few decades become a significant player in the global community. The 1986 Reykjavík Summit between Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, which eventually resulted in the end of the Cold War, underlined Reykjavík's new-found international status.
Mount Esja is 914 m (2,999 ft) high. It is not a single mountain, but a volcanic mountain range, made from basalt and tuff-stone. It is not an active volcano. The western part of the mountain range is the oldest (about 3.2 million years) and the eastern part is the youngest (about 1.8 million years)
A view to beautiful Mount Esja has over time influenced the real estate value of the city. There are people who say they can give you a weather forecast just by looking at the colour of the mountain.