Victoria is the capital city of British Columbia, renowned for its rich colonial history, incredible wildlife, and vibrant cultural scene. Nicknamed the City of Gardens, it plays host to a plethora of open green spaces, where visitors and locals can relax. The waters around Victoria abound with life and three of the world-famous orca pods call them home. If you wish to explore Vancouver Island, then Victoria is the ideal place to do it from!
Victoria is located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island on Canada's Pacific Coast. It is the capital of British Columbia and has a population of 367,770. The nearest major city is Vancouver, which is around 100 kilometers away and can be reached via road, ferry, and air. Victoria was founded in 1843, making it one of the oldest cities in Canada.
The former colonial town was named after Queen Victoria and is famed for its neo-colonial architecture, vibrant culture and natural beauty. Its two most famous buildings are the historic Parliament Buildings (built in 1897) and the Empress Hotel (opened in 1908). Victoria is nicknamed “The Garden City,” thanks to its expansive parks and natural vegetation.
The site of Victoria has been inhabited by the First Nations people for more than 10,000 years. The famous British explorer, Captain Cook, landed on Vancouver Island in 1778 during his legendary voyage to Australia and New Zealand. A famous navigator, George Vancouver, was with him at the time and he returned to the island to circumnavigate it in 1792. The island would eventually be named in his honor.
Vancouver Island became a British colony in 1849 and Fort Victoria was named as its capital. The city was small and largely subsisted of agriculture and coal, until the Canadian Gold Rush. The Gold Rush transformed Victoria because it was the main point of entrance for people seeking to make their fortune. Victoria also acted as a supply center for miners based in British Columbia, making it wealthy and important.
Fort Victoria was officially given city status in 1862 – further accelerating its growth and turning it into the most important city in Western Canada. Victoria’s strength was its Pacific location and most of its trade came from maritime sources. This reliance on the sea meant that it became less important as the 19th century neared an end. Vancouver was now connected to the rest of North America by rail, making it the trading hub in the area.
The city is located on Vancouver Island, which plays host to a vast selection of wildlife. The island has the densest population of black bears on the planet! It also sits on the migratory paths of many whales who travel from their breeding grounds in Mexico to their summer feeding fields in the Arctic.
Vancouver Island is a black bear haven and is home to more than 7,000 black bears. Grizzlies also sometimes swim across from the mainland – making it one of the finest places to see bears in the world. We run a variety of wildlife watching tours on Vancouver Island, which are available throughout the year.
Vancouver Island is home to the most famous orca family in the world, whose behavior has been crucial to marine biology. Researchers have been tracking the family since the 1970s, allowing them to learn about the unique social structure of orcas.
Humpbacks regularly visit the waters around Victoria – creating spectacular shows as they leap out of the water and hunt fish.
More than 20,000 grey whales travel past the shores of Vancouver Island on the way to their summer feeding grounds in the Bering Sea. Grey whales are one of the largest species of whales and can reach up to 15 meters in length.
You'll also see sea lions, sea otters, dolphins, and a plethora of other marine life in the waters of British Columbia.
Victoria has a pleasant climate that is famous for some of the mildest weather in Canada. In summer the temperature averages 61°F (16°C) – making it ideal for outdoor enthusiasts who want to get out and explore the areas around the city. In winter it tends to be wet rather than cold with the lowest average temperature 41°F (5°C). This is considered to be warm for Canada, allowing visitors to be out and about all year around.
Victoria is located on Vancouver Island – around 62 miles (100 km) away from the city of Vancouver on the mainland. The journey by car, from Vancouver, takes around 4 hours – taking you down Canada’s scenic Pacific coastline.
Alternatively, you could take the 90-minute BC Ferry, which runs between Victoria’s Swartz Bay terminal and the Tsawwassen terminal (around 45 minutes south of Vancouver). Ferries generally run at least once every two hours and can carry both passengers and vehicles. Visit BCferries.com for times and more information.
Victoria is serviced by Victoria International Airport (YYJ), which offers flights by both international and local carriers. Notable airlines include – Harbour Air, Helijet International, Air Canada, Westjet, and Pacific Coast Airlines. Visit their websites for flight schedules and more information.
Victoria’s temperate climate and seaside setting makes it one of the best places to find delicious fresh food in Canada. From Asian street food in Canada’s oldest Chinatown to fresh seafood at Victoria Harbor, you name it and you can find it in Victoria. Below is a selection of some of our favorite Victoria’s restaurants.
John’s Place - A popular local restaurant that was featured on the Food Network’s “You Gotta Eat Here.” It serves classics like homemade apple pie, Belgian waffles, and eggs Benedict.
Victoria Pie Co. - Situated in Victoria Market, this wonderful family-run restaurant serves homemade pies for all tastes, including vegetarian and gluten-free pies.
BAO - A charming family-run Chinese restaurant in Victoria’s historic Chinatown. It serves classic Asian street food with a modern twist.
Steamship Grill and Bar - A charming restaurant with a harbor view, that serves an excellent range of seafood, along with meat options.
Nourish - An Instagrammer's dream, which is set in a beautiful turn of the century house in James Bay. They serve healthy food in a unique setting.
10 Acres Bistro - A farm to table restaurant that offers a range of different culinary options - a favorite of Victoria’s foodies.
Victoria is a bustling tourist hotspot with a host of excellent accommodation options. From the historic Hotel Fairmont Empress to the modest Ocean Island Inn, here are our favorite places to stay in Victoria:
Hotel Fairmont Empress - the renamed historic Empress Hotel it combines luxury and history into the perfect package.
Abigail's Hotel - a charming 4-star hotel that looks like it is from a fairytale.
The Parkside Hotel and Spa - a modern 4-star hotel that offers simplicity and luxury.
Ocean Island Inn Backpackers Suites - an excellent budget hotel, offering simple suites in downtown Victoria.
Best Western Plus Inner Harbour - an understated modern hotel located in the Inner Harbour. Ideal for those looking for a combination of good amenities and value.
A natural history museum that hosts exhibits on both human and natural history. Its most popular attractions focus on dinosaurs, Canadian nature, Canada’s colonial history, and the history of the First Nations people. Many of its exhibits are interactive. It also hosts an IMAX cinema.
A splendid Victorian mansion that was built by a Scottish baron. It provides a fascinating insight into the privileged life that the British colonists lived. The castle fell into disrepair following the collapse of the Empire and was lovingly restored, making it an absolute must for anyone visiting Victoria.
A grandiose example of colonial architecture that was built in the late 19th century. They still function as the British Columbian Parliament today.
Another fine example of colonial architecture. The historic Empress Hotel was built in 1908 and faces onto Victoria’s inner harbor. The Empress is still operational today and was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1981.
Government House is considered to be the spiritual home of all British Columbians. It is also the former home of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. The house is managed by a non-profit organization and still hosts important royal events in British Columbia.
Victoria’s historic harbor, which was responsible for much of the city’s growth in the 19th century. It still functions today, offering a host of whale watching tours.
Located near the Empress Hotel, this wonderful miniature theme park is an excellent day out for families. See scenes from fairytales to historic parts of Olde England.