Niagara Falls is one of the most famous natural wonders on Earth. Located between Canada and the United States, the falls are just a short drive from Toronto.
Tourists and daredevils from all over the world seek out the incredible power of the Niagara River. With many things to do and see around the falls, it’s one of the must-sees in Canada.
Niagara Falls is growing smaller every year (by one foot!) and will eventually cease to exist. Let’s enjoy this impressive sight while it’s still here!
The Niagara River marks an international border between Canada and the U.S. Horseshoe Falls is on the Canadian side of the river, while American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls are in the U.S.
Niagara Falls is 75 miles (120 km) southeast of Toronto and 17 miles northwest of Buffalo, New York. It’s located between twin cities: Niagara Falls, Ontario in Canada, and Niagara Falls, New York in the U.S.
During the Wisconsin Glaciation 12,000 years ago, melting glaciers formed huge freshwater lakes, now called the Great Lakes. One of them, Lake Erie, ran downhill towards Lake Ontario. The water flow carved out a river, which passed over a steep cliff, the Niagara Escarpment.
Around 11,000 years ago, the falls were located between present-day Lewiston, New York, and Queenston, Ontario. Erosion of their crest has caused the waterfalls to retreat almost 7 miles (11 km) south.
The falls have changed their shape over the years and are still eroding. Engineering has slowed down the process, but Niagara Falls still shrinks by about 1 foot (30 cm) a year (it used to be around 3 feet a year). At this pace, in about 50,000 years, Niagara Falls will cease to exist.
Niagara Falls is made up of three separate falls. Horseshoe Falls is 170 feet high (52 m) and 2,700 feet wide (823 m). Six million cubic feet (168,000 cubic meters) of water plummets over the falls every minute. That’s enough to fill a million bathtubs!
Americal Falls is considerably smaller in its width (1075 ft/328 m), but it’s still around 180 feet high (55 m). The falls receive around 11% of the water flow from the Niagara River.
Bridal Veil Falls is the same height as American Falls, as these two waterfalls are only separated by the small Luna Island. Bridal Veil Falls is the smallest of the three at only 56 feet (17 m) in width.
Over the past century, many people have tried to conquer Niagara Falls. Some did it for fame while others risked their lives for money.
In 1901, Annie Taylor was the first person to ride over the falls in a barrel. She survived the stunt but it didn't bring her the fortunes she expected.
Since Taylor’s feat, 15 people have tried riding over the Horseshoe Falls in wooden and steel barrels. Many of these stunts have cost risk-takers their lives.
The most recent stunt on the falls made international news. In 2012, Nik Wallenda was the first person to walk a tightrope stretched over Niagara Falls. For two years, he had fought in courts to be allowed to perform this stunt. Although he won the legal battle, for the first time in his career, Wallenda was required to wear a safety harness during his high-wire walk.
Learn More about the Falls: The Niagara Falls History Museum doesn’t only have a vast collection of the falls-related artifacts — it also hosts a range of events. Visit the museum to join a yoga class or enjoy a movie screening!
Take a Boat Ride: Many boat tours sail around Lake Erie. Choose from an adventurous Whirpool Jet Boat tour that takes you close to the falls or even a fireworks cruise. Whatever you prefer, you’ll find a Niagara Falls boat tour to suit your needs!
Splash at Indoor Waterparks: Swimming under the falls isn’t a good idea, but getting in the water at the nearby indoor waterparks certainly is! Waves Indoor Waterpark at the Americana Waterpark Resort & Spa has three-story waterslides and is great for family fun. Meanwhile, Fallsview Indoor Waterpark features 16 waterslides. Don’t forget to pack your swimsuits!
Zipline near the Falls: Adventure seekers will love their flight with a view of Niagara Falls! Soar across the sky as fast as 40 miles per hour (70 km/h) and finally feel what it’s like to fly!
See the Falls from Above: Visit Skylon Tower Observation Deck, the tallest entertainment complex in the country, and see the falls from a height of 764 feet (233 m)! The tower has two dining rooms with views of the falls as well as a large indoor amusement area and plenty of shops.
Clifton Hill SkyWheel allows you to see Niagara Falls from 175 feet (53 m) above the ground. Enjoy the colorful evening skyline that glitters with the lights of Clifton Hill.
Visit Niagara Parks Botanical Gardens: Located on the Niagara Parkway, the gardens are spread across 99 acres (40 ha) of pristine wilderness. A highlight of the park is the rose garden featuring over 2,400 roses!
The closest cities to Niagara Falls in Canada are Hamilton (46 mi/75 km away), Mississauga (72 mi/117 km), and Toronto (87 mi/140 km). These cities offer plenty of hotels, hostels, and bed and breakfasts to choose from.
If you’re looking to stay closer to the falls, you still have a lot of options! Some hotels in Niagara Falls offer rooms with views of the falls. You’ll also find world-famous hotel chains such as Hilton, Marriott, and Sheraton.