Iceland's volcanoes

With around 30 active volcano systems, Iceland is home to some of the most famous volcanoes around the world. Below the surface of Thingvellir National Park is the ever-shifting Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which rests between the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates. Dynamic conditions give rise to bubbling mud pools, basalt rock formations, steam vents, geysers, lava tubes and pseudocraters.